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What Is An Orthopaedic Surgeon? | Orthopaedics

Orthopaedic surgeon

Orthopaedic surgeons are dedicated to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of bone, joint, ligament, tendon, and muscle disorders.

Some orthopedists are generalists, while others specialize in certain areas of the body, such as:

  • Hip and knee
  • Foot and ankle
  • Shoulder and elbow
  • Hand
  • Spine

People often visit an orthopaedic doctor when they have an injury or a chronic condition such as arthritis or low back pain.

What does an orthopaedic surgeon do?

A wide range of people, from relatively sedentary middle-aged athletes to physically active athletes, seek out orthopaedic surgeons. Orthopaedics is a medical speciality that focuses on aspects of the musculoskeletal system, also known as your bones, joints, tendons, nerves, and ligaments. Therefore, orthopaedic surgeons are trained to diagnose, treat, prevent and rehabilitate both injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

What parts of the body are treated by orthopaedic surgeons?

Orthopaedic surgeons can be generalists or specialists in certain areas of the body. At Performance OSM, we offer general orthopaedic care to treat knee, shoulder, hip, ankle, wrist, and elbow pain. Also, each of our doctors has specialized training in orthopaedic surgery.

What parts of the body do orthopaedic surgeons treat?

Orthopaedic surgeons often identify and treat injuries resulting from physical activity or sports. Those who are very physically active can consult an orthopaedic doctor to prevent pain and discomfort caused by the overuse of muscles or joints. However, orthopaedic surgeons must treat people with conditions such as arthritis or osteoporosis.

What conditions do orthopaedic doctors treat?

Orthopaedic doctors treat a wide range of conditions, which are not limited to:

  • Bone fractures
  • Muscle tension
  • Joint or back pain
  • Arthritis
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Tendon or ligament injuries such as ACL sprains, ligaments, and tears
  • Organ abnormalities such as clubfoot and bowling
  • Bone cancer

Non-surgical treatments

These types of treatments are also known as conservative therapies. Orthopaedic physicians often focus on non-surgical treatments before recommending surgery.

Some types of non-surgical treatments:

  • Exercises. Your orthopaedic physician may recommend specific exercises or stretches to maintain or improve your strength, flexibility, and range of motion in a specific area.
  • Stabilization. Sometimes avoiding extra stress on an area can help heal it. Examples of stabilization methods are braces, splints, and casts.

An orthopaedic doctor may prescribe certain medications to relieve symptoms such as pain and swelling. Some examples include over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin. They may also prescribe some prescription drugs, such as corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory drugs.

  • Lifestyle changes. Your orthopaedic doctor can help you make lifestyle changes. These can modify your physical activity, diet, and the ways you exercise to prevent the severity of the injury or condition.

Surgical treatments

Sometimes the condition or injury does not improve with conventional measures. In these cases, your doctor may recommend surgery. Some examples of operations performed by an orthopaedic surgeon are:

  • Joint replacement. Joint reconstruction Restorative surgery is the replacement of damaged or diseased joints, usually secondary to arthritis. Examples include knee replacement and hip replacement surgery.
  • Internal stabilization. Placing hardware such as dowels, screws, plates, and rods in the internal fixation will help hold them in place while healing the broken bones.
  • Fusion. This involves the use of some type of internal fixation along with a bone graft material to connect the two bones. This technique is often used in neck and spine surgeries.
  • Osteotomy is a type of surgery that involves cutting a piece of bone and replacing it. This type of surgery is sometimes used to treat arthritis.